تایوان

(ڕەوانەکراوە لە کۆماری چینەوە)

پۆتانەکان: 22°57′N 120°12′E / 22.950°N 120.200°E / 22.950; 120.200

تایوان، بە فەرمی کۆماری چین حکوومەتێکە لە کیشوەری ئاسیا کە تەنیا ٢٣ دەوڵەت (لە ساڵی ٢٠١١) وەک وڵاتێکی سەربەخۆ مامەڵەی لەگەڵدا دەکەن. پایتەختەکەی شاری تایپێیە.

Republic of China
中華民國
Zhōnghuá Mínguó[a]
A red flag, with a small blue rectangle in the top left hand corner on which sits a white sun composed of a circle surrounded by 12 rays. A blue circular emblem on which sits a white sun composed of a circle surrounded by 12 rays.
سروود: 
"National Anthem of the Republic of China"
《中華民國國歌》

"National Flag Anthem"
《中華民國國旗歌》
A map depicting the location of the Republic of China in East Asia and in the World.
پایتەختتایپێ[١]
25°02′N 121°38′E / 25.033°N 121.633°E / 25.033; 121.633
گەورەترین شار New Taipei
زمانە فەرمییەکان Mandarin[٢]
زمانە ناوچەییەکان Taiwanese
Hakka
Formosan languages[٣]
Official scripts Traditional Chinese
گرووپە ڕەگەزییەکان  98% Han[٤][٥]
2% Taiwanese aborigines[c]
ناوی هاووڵاتی Taiwanese[٦][٧][٨] or Chinese[d] or both
دەوڵەت Unitary semi-presidential کۆمار
 -  President Ma Ying-jeou (KMT)[٩]
 -  Vice President Wu Den-yih (KMT)[١٠]
 -  Premier Jiang Yi-huah (KMT)[١١]
 -  President of the Legislative Yuan Wang Jin-pyng (KMT)[١٢]
 -  President of the Judicial Yuan Rai Hau-min[١٣]
یاسادانەر Legislative Yuan
Establishment Xinhai Revolution 
 -  Wuchang Uprising 10 October 1911 
 -  Republic established 1 January 1912 
 -  Constitution 25 December 1947 
ڕووبەر
 -  سەرجەم ٣٦,١٩٣[١٤] کیلۆمەتری چوارگۆشە (136th)
١٣,٩٧٤ مایلی چوارگۆشە 
 -  ئاو (%) 10.34
ژمارەی دانیشتوان
 -  بەراوردی 2012 23,261,747[١٤] (50th)
 -  چڕی 642 کەس لە کیلۆمەتری چوارگۆشە (17th)
١,٦٦٤کەس لە مایلی چوارگۆشە
GDP (PPP) بەراوردی 2011
 -  سەرجەم $876.035 billion[١٥] (19th)
 -  سەرانە $37,719[١٥] (19th)
GDP (nominal) بەراوردی 2011
 -  سەرجەم $466.832 billion[١٥] (26th)
 -  سەرانە $20,100[١٥] (39th)
Gini (2010) 34.2[١٦] (medium
HDI (2010) increase 0.868*[e][١٧] (Very high
دراو New Taiwan dollar (NT$) (TWD)
ناوچەی کاتی CST (UTC+8)
 -  ھاوین (DST) not observed (UTC+8)
شێوازەکانی ڕێکەوتنووسین yyyy-mm-dd
yyyy年m月d日
(CE; CE+2697) or 民國yy年m月d日
لای لێخوڕین right
پاوانی ئینتەرنێت .tw, .台灣, .台湾[١٨]
کۆدی تەلەفۆن +886
Disambig RTL.svg  ئەم وتارە سەبارەت بە کۆماری چین نووسراوە. بۆ بینینی وتارە هاوشێوەکان بڕوانە چین (ڕوونکردنەوە).

تێبینییەکاندەستکاری

  1. ^ See Names of the Republic of China.
  2. ^ Waishengren usually refers to people who moved from mainland China to Taiwan after 1949 when the KMT retreated to Taiwan due to the Chinese Civil War, and to their descendants born in Taiwan. It usually does not include citizens of the People's Republic of China who more recently moved to Taiwan.
  3. ^ Taiwanese aborigines are officially categorised into 14 separate ethnic groups by the Republic of China.
  4. ^ Although the territories controlled by the ROC imply that the demonym is "Taiwanese", some consider that it is "Chinese" due to the claims of the ROC over all of China. Taiwanese people have various opinions regarding their own national identity.
  5. ^ The UN has not calculated an HDI for the ROC, which is not a member nation. The ROC government calculated its HDI for 2010 to be 0.868, which would rank it 18th among countries.

سەرچاوەکاندەستکاری

  1. ^ "Yearbook 2004". Yearbook. Government Information Office of the Republic of China. 2004. Archived from the original on ٢٧ی تەممووزی ٢٠١١. Taipei is the capital of the ROC Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)
  2. ^ "Taiwan (self-governing island, Asia)". Britannica Online Encyclopedia. 1975-04-05. Retrieved 2009-05-07.
  3. ^ "The Republic of China Yearbook 2009. Chapter 2 – People and Language". Government Information Office. 2009. Archived from the original on ٣ی ئابی ٢٠١٠. Retrieved 2 May 2010. Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)
  4. ^ "The Republic of China Yearbook 2009 / Chapter 2: People and Language". Gio.gov.tw. Archived from the original on ٣ی ئابی ٢٠١٠. Retrieved 1 August 2010. Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)
  5. ^ Taiwan entry at The World Factbook , United States دەزگای ھەواڵگری ناوەندی.
  6. ^ "The ROC's Humanitarian Relief Program for Afghan Refugees". Gio.gov.tw. 2001-12-11. Archived from the original on ١٥ی کانوونی یەکەمی ٢٠٠٤. Retrieved 2009-05-07. Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)
  7. ^ "Taiwanese health official invited to observe bird-flu conference". Gio.gov.tw. 2005-11-11. Archived from the original on ٩ی کانوونی دووەمی ٢٠٠٩. Retrieved 2009-05-07. Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)
  8. ^ "Demonyms – Names of Nationalities". Geography.about.com. Retrieved 2009-05-07.
  9. ^ Jacobs, Andrew (14 January 2012). "President of Taiwan Is Re-elected, a Result That Is Likely to Please China". The New York Times. p. A6. Retrieved 2012-04-22.
  10. ^ "About us » Vice President Wu Den-yih » Biography". english.president.gov.tw. Office of the President, Republic of China (Taiwan). Archived from the original on ١٦ی کانوونی دووەمی ٢٠١٣. Retrieved 2012-05-20. Check date values in: |archive-date= (help)
  11. ^ "Executive Yuan ─ Chen Chun (aka Sean Chen)". www.ey.gov.tw. Executive Yuan. 16 April 2012. Archived from the original on ١٦ی کانوونی دووەمی ٢٠١٣. Retrieved 2012-04-22. Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)
  12. ^ "President > Brief Introduction". www.ly.gov.tw. Legislative Yuan. 2010. Archived from the original on ١٦ی کانوونی دووەمی ٢٠١٣. Retrieved 2012-04-22. Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)
  13. ^ "Hau-Min Rai". Justices of the Constitutional Court. Judicial Yuan. Archived from the original on ١٧ی ئایاری ٢٠١٢. Retrieved 2012-04-22. Check date values in: |archive-date= (help)
  14. ^ ئ ا "Number of Villages, Neighborhoods, Households and Resident Population". MOI Statistical Information Service. Retrieved 15 June 2012.
  15. ^ ئ ا ب پ "Republic of China (Taiwan)". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2012-04-22.
  16. ^ "Table 4. Percentage Share of Disposable Income by Quintile Group of Households and Income Inequality Indices". Report on The Survey of Family Income and Expenditure. Taipei, Taiwan: Directorate General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics. 2010.
  17. ^ "وەشانی ئەرشیڤکراو". Archived from the original on ١٧ی ئازاری ٢٠١٢. Retrieved ١ی ئابی ٢٠١٢. Check date values in: |access-date=, |archive-date= (help)
  18. ^ "ICANN Board Meeting Minutes". ICANN. 25 June 2010.