ئیمپراتۆریەتیی ماوریا

ئیمپراتۆریەتیی ماوریا (بە ئینگلیزی: Maurya Empire) دەسەڵاتدارێکی گەورەی باشووری ئاسیا بوو لە سەردەمی ئاسن، لە ساڵی ٣٢٢ پێش زایین لەلایەن چاندراگوپتە ماوریا دامەزرا. بوونی ئیمپراتۆریەتییەکە مایەوە تاوەکوو ساڵی ١٨٥ی پێش زایین.[١] پاتالیپورتا (ئەمڕۆ دەکاتە شاری پاتنا) وەک ناوەند و پایتەختی دەسەڵات دانرابوو. لە دەرەوەی پایتەخت، ئەوا ئیمپراتۆریەتییەکە بۆ کۆنتڕۆڵکردنی ناوچە فراوانەکەی ئەوا پشتی بە سەرباز و ئەفسەرە دڵسۆزەکانی دەبەست.[٢][٣]

نەخشەی ئیمپراتۆریەتیی ماوریا، لە دەورووبەری ٢٥٠ ساڵ پێش زایین.

لە ماوەی دەسەڵاتداریی فەرمانڕەوا ئەشۆکا، ئەوا ئیمپراتۆرییەتەکە دەسەڵاتی بەسەر زۆربەی ناوچەکانی نیمچەکیشوەری ھیندی هەبوو جگە لە هەندێ ناوچەی باشوور نەبێت.[١]

سەرچاوەکاندەستکاری

  1. ^ ئ ا Dyson, Tim (2018), A Population History of India: From the First Modern People to the Present Day, Oxford University Press, pp. 16–17, ISBN 978-0-19-882905-8 Quote: "Magadha power came to extend over the main cities and communication routes of the Ganges basin. Then, under Chandragupta Maurya (c.321–297 bce), and subsequently Ashoka his grandson, Pataliputra became the centre of the loose-knit Mauryan 'Empire' which during Ashoka's reign (c.268–232 bce) briefly had a presence throughout the main urban centres and arteries of the subcontinent, except for the extreme south."
  2. ^ Ludden, David (2013), India and South Asia: A Short History, Oneworld Publications, pp. 29–30, ISBN 978-1-78074-108-6 Quote: "The geography of the Mauryan Empire resembled a spider with a small dense body and long spindly legs. The highest echelons of imperial society lived in the inner circle composed of the ruler, his immediate family, other relatives, and close allies, who formed a dynastic core. Outside the core, empire travelled stringy routes dotted with armed cities. Outside the palace, in the capital cities, the highest ranks in the imperial elite were held by military commanders whose active loyalty and success in war determined imperial fortunes. Wherever these men failed or rebelled, dynastic power crumbled. ... Imperial society flourished where elites mingled; they were its backbone, its strength was theirs. Kautilya's Arthasastra indicates that imperial power was concentrated in its original heartland, in old Magadha, where key institutions seem to have survived for about seven hundred years, down to the age of the Guptas. Here, Mauryan officials ruled local society, but not elsewhere. In provincial towns and cities, officials formed a top layer of royalty; under them, old conquered royal families were not removed, but rather subordinated. In most janapadas, the Mauryan Empire consisted of strategic urban sites connected loosely to vast hinterlands through lineages and local elites who were there when the Mauryas arrived and were still in control when they left."
  3. ^ Thapar, Romila (1990). A History of India, Volume 1. Penguin Books. p. 384. ISBN 0-14-013835-8.